Allergy – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Sudden cold and wheezing? Itchy skin? Watery eyes? Varied symptoms but all fall under the category of allergic reactions. Allergy affects more than 54% of the total population of the world. Billions of dollars are spent each year on allergy treatments.

Allergy is nothing but an exaggerated response of the immune system to the various foreign particles and substances present in the environment. But people who suffer from allergies, know that this is not as simple as it sounds.

Allergies can be of various kinds and can be triggered by environmental changes, dust, pollens, grass, insects, certain kind of food, medications and so on. Such substances that trigger an allergic reaction are known as allergens. Allergens are common substances that are a part of our day-to-day existence. While most people remain unaffected by them, in some people these trigger an allergic reaction.

Symptoms of Allergy

The parts of the body that are most prone to allergies are eyes, nose, skin and stomach. Some of the most common Allergy Symptoms include:

– Sneezing & Runny Nose

– Nasal Itching

– Itchy Ears

– Sore Throat

– Swelling of the Throat

– Wheezing

– Cough & Chest Congestion

– Redness around the eyes

– Watery, Itchy Eyes

– Itchy skin

– Dry, Flaky Skin

– Rashes on the Skin

– Reddish Discoloration of the Skin

– Stomach Pain

– Stomach Upset

– Cramps

– Nausea & Vomiting

While many of these symptoms can occur as a result of other diseases, their sudden occurrence without any definite cause is an indication of an Allergy. Most people do not realize they have an allergy until very late. While in most cases, an over-the-counter anti-allergic tablet or cream can control the symptoms, in some cases seeing a doctor is necessary.

Treatment for Allergies

Different people react differently to various allergens and thus there is no definite cause, cure or reaction that can be associated with allergy. This means the treatment is also not definite, it’s symptom-based since cause is mostly unknown. Doctors will look into your symptoms deeply and inquire about recent changes in your diet, lifestyle, change of jobs etc. These help in determining the cause for the allergic reaction.

Many people who have pets at home often show signs of wheezing and runny nose, an allergic reaction to the proteins found in the skin and saliva of furry pets. Some people develop allergic rashes upon consuming certain foods. Changes in environment can also lead to allergies.

It is absolutely important that you tell your doctor about the minutest changes in your life even if it is as simple as changing your shaving blade. This will help the doctor determine the exact cause of your allergy and provide you with the best treatment.

Doctors usually prescribe drugs such as Antihistamines, Decongestants and Corticosteroids to bring the symptoms under control and reduce the uneasiness. He/she might also advice you to go for allergy shots that gradually increase your body’s tolerance against the allergens.

Source by Mahima Kini

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